Cultural violence during conflict

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Violence triangle and a violence strata image, with varlous types of casual Rows. Examples of cultural violence are indicated, uaing a div~aion of culture into rcliplon and ideology, art and language, and empirical and formal science.

The theory of cultural violence is then related to two basic polnts in. The Norwegian sociologist Johan Galtung (), a founder of the discipline of peace and conflict studies, defined, in his book Peace, Violence and Imperialism, three forms of violence: direct, structural and cultural.

He suggested that cultural violence occurs as a result of cultural assumptions. These can result in direct or structural violence. In identity-based conflicts, what a person learns can become whom a person learns to book explores the unique position occupied by educators during protracted ethnic conflict.

As transmitters of social authority, educators occupy a position in society capable of supporting repressive constructs or challenging social inequalities. Culture, Trauma, and Conflict: Cultural Studies Perspectives on War Edited by Nico Carpentier articulated before, during and after the conflict and inserted into different chains of equivalence.

At the same time, the dichotomies play a key role as nodal points in hegemonic violence of the s (and before). Papadakis’ (, Challenging Cultural Violence in the Classroom 5 perspective of educators as the instigators and organizers of university learning—this volume utilizes culturally constructed narratives of conflict to investigate the potential for peace.

In protracted ethnic conflicts (of which Israel/Palestine is the premier example in the modern era) there are. In this volume, Lipman and Harrell explore the prevalence and ubiquity of violence in China, a society whose official norms value harmony and condemn conflict.

The book investigates violence in a wide variety of situations through the sweep of history and in contexts ranging from the family to the national book explores motivations for violence from both a historical and a. The protection of cultural property during times of armed conflict and social unrest has been an on-going challenge for military forces throughout the world even after the ratification and implementation of the Hague Convention and its two Protocols by participating nations.

Page 12 Classification of Violence: Ecological Model A Context for Roots of Violence: • Individual factors - biological and demographic factors- history of abuse, education, substance abuse • Relationships - family and partners, proximity to and acceptability of violence • Community - institutions of violence- neighborhood, transient communities, loss of social fabric/ cultural support.

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Chapter 16 – The Cultural Context of Peacemaking (Pedersen) Chapter 17 – Confict Resolution (Sanson & Bretherton) Chapter 18 – Psychology & the TRANSCEND Approach (Galtung & Tschudi) Chapter 19 Cooperation & Conflict Resolution in Schools (Coleman & Deutsch) Chapter 20 – Reducing Trauma during Ethnopolitical Conflict (Agger).

Books shelved as culture-conflict: Staying Alive: Women, Ecology and Development by Vandana Shiva, The Bad-Ass Librarians of Timbuktu and Their Race to S.

Peter Jennings tells us, "What may have been the most unsettling about the pace of change in the 's, was that people really wanted both the benefits of the future (new technology) and the familiar comforts of the past." This really sums up the cultural conflict of the 's.

The discussion first of all clarifies exactly what we mean by cultural violence and how the idea came out of Galtung’s previous work on structural violence and negative and positive peace, before moving on to a wider contextual analysis of the concept focusing on the ideological conflict between Islamic fundamentalism and Western capitalism.

Start studying ANTH Chapter #8: the cultural construction of violent conflict. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Antislavery Violence: Sectional Racial and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, Pp. ix, Originating from a session at the Southern Historical Association, Antislavery Violence addresses the use of violence by slaves and abolitionists during the antebellum period.

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. such as exploitation and repression, for liberation, or to prevent liberation. In the background is cultural violence legitimizing both the structural violence and direct violence to undo it and to maintain it.

Peace by peaceful means: Peace and conflict. This tallies with official estimates of the number of non-conflict related deaths reported by a book credited to the Party History Research Institute (which estimated that 1, deaths took place in China during the Cultural Revolution).

Violence by the Red Guard: An estimateddeaths occurred during this phase. [xx]. During the s, the United States was the world’s strongest military power.

Its economy was booming, and the fruits of this prosperity–new cars, suburban houses and other consumer goods. A fascinating psychoanalytic perspective on Hindu-Muslim violence in India. Much of this is based on field work and interviews conducted by Kakar in Hyderabad, following riots in He offers insights into the group dynamics behind communal violence, with fascinating portraits of the instigators and victims of violence, and deconstructions /5.

Book Description: Since the s, sexual violence in conflict zones has received much media attention. In large part as a result of grassroots feminist organizing in the s and s, mass rapes in the wars in the former Yugoslavia and during the Rwandan genocide received widespread coverage, and international organizations-from courts to NGOs to the UN-have engaged in systematic efforts.

Linda Groff, in Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, & Conflict (Second Edition), Feminist peace: Eliminating physical and structural violence on macro and micro (community, family, and individual) levels. While physical and structural violence against women, children, and minorities has existed for centuries and is only now getting greater attention, much still remains to be done here.

tic violence, domestic violence and the courts, and gender and ethnic inequality in welfare re-form. INGER AGGER is Associate Research Professor of Psychology at the University of Copenhagen where she also received her Ph.D.

in cultural sociology. She is the author of The Blue Room. Any efforts to reduce sexual violence in conflict are unlikely to succeed without addressing its socio-cultural roots. Alarming levels of sexual violence perpetrated by armed actors have earned the Democratic Republic of the Congo the infamous label “rape capital of the world.”Individual or mass rape, sexual slavery, sexual torture and other violations of people’s sexual autonomy.

Cultural violence is a symbolic violence that is expressed in countless media —religion, ideology, language, art, science, media, education, etc— and serves to legitimize direct and structural violence and to inhibit or suppress the response of the victims.

It even offers justifications for humans, unlike other species, to destroy each. This book explores the unique position occupied by educators during protracted ethnic conflict. As transmitters of social authority, educators occupy a position in society capable of supporting repressive constructs or challenging social inequalities.

For instance, cultural acceptance of violence, ei-ther as a normal method of resolving conflict or as a usual part of rearing a child, is a risk factor for all types of interpersonal violence (1).

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It may also help explain why countries experiencing high levels of one type of violence also experience increased levels of other types (2). Social. One of the most important findings of cross-cultural conflict resolution research is that religion is a perennial and perhaps inevitable factor in both conflict and conflict resolution.

Religion, after all, is a powerful constituent of cultural norms and values, and because it addresses the most profound existential issues of human life (e.g. Rather--through introductory chapters, section introductions, and a concluding chapter--the volume editors draw attention to cross-cultural patterns in an attempt to further the search for more general conflict principles.

An explicit message throughout the book is that alternatives to violence exist.4/5(1). This book broadens debates on violence, conflict and peace by examining the crucial role played by children and youth.

Recent social, political and geographical research has demonstrated that children and youth are deeply impacted by war and violence and that, despite strong cultural assumptions about children’s needs for protection, their wellbeing continues to be an afterthought rather.

Varieties of Violence: Structural, Cultural, and Direct. CONFLICT RESOLUTION - MEDIATION, 21 Oct William T. Hathaway – Counter Currents. Terrorists, serial killers, domestic murderers — their ghoulish deeds fill our news and popular entertainment, interspersed with wars, riots, and brutal ce surrounds us.

In this volume, Lipman and Harrell explore the prevalence and ubiquity of violence in China, a society whose official norms value harmony and condemn conflict. The book investigates violence in a wide variety of situations through the sweep of history and in contexts ranging from the.

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Cultural violence in the classroom: peace, conflict and education in Israel. [Katerina Standish] -- In identity-based conflicts, what a person learns can become whom a person learns to hate.

This book explores the unique position occupied by educators during .The Nazi regime modernized the practice of book burnings as a form of cultural destruction during World War II.

As noted by J. M. Ritchie, Nazi public book burnings included invitations to the general public to clear out their own libraries in addition to the systematically eliminate any books in libraries that fell under a list of the type the.Peace psychology was given a significant boost during the Cold War (c.

mids through the early s), when the conflict between the United States and Soviet Union heated up and the threat of nuclear annihilation seemed imminent, leading psychologists to create concepts to better understand intergroup conflict and its important was the establishment of the 48th division of.